Catégorie : CAMBODIA

PATRICK KERSALE : Sounds of Angkor





Sounds of Angkor

SOUNDS OF ANGKOR is dedicated to the Angkorian and traditional Khmer music of Cambodia. It is the result of research of French ethnomusicologist Patrick Kersalé that began in 1998 and continues today.
All texts, photos, videos (except explicit mention) are the property of the author. They are protected by the law No. 92-597 of 1st July, 1992, on the French Intellectual Property Code. They may not be copied or exported without written permission. For any request, use the Contact page.

Preface by Her Royal Highness Princess NORODOM Buppha Devi

Mr. Patrick Kersalé is an ethnomusicologist and archeomusicologist. For the last twenty years, he researched in many countries in Europe, Africa and Asia. He has undertook to take a new look at the musical instruments used by the ancient Khmers, between the seventh and the sixteenth century.
In « Sounds of Angkor », Patrick Kersalé allows us to better understand the Khmer music of ancient times, its symbolism and its use by a population whose lifestyles are gradually better known to us.
The author analyzed the origin and function of ancient Khmer music instruments in a precise and detailed manner, in particular through a method of photographic analysis of Angkorian bas-reliefs. This allowed him to highlight the details that were invisible to the naked eye and to make us discover unpublished information, answering many questions, filling wide gaps, and thus correcting some preconceived ideas.

The scientific approach of Mr. Patrick Kersalé does not end there, however, since it has pushed the experimentation to reconstitute several of these instruments now missing, thus offering our young artisans, musicians and composers the possibility to reclaim a musical heritage that is an integral part of the historical cultural diversity of Cambodia.
I would like to express my warmest congratulations to Mr Patrick Kersalé for his unique contribution to Khmer studies and for his dedication to a passion that he knows how to communicate with eloquence. (…)

All photos, videos and texts: Copyright © Patrick Kersalé (if not specified), 1998-2017

Sounds of Angkor, Siem Reap, Kingdom of Cambodia

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Pin Peat in Ang Chek Ang Chorm temple – Khmer – Cambodia

Pin Peat in Ang Chek Ang Chorm temple – Khmer – Cambodia

Published on Jan 3, 2017

Facing the royal palace of Siem Reap, along the National Road 6 is a sanctuary containing two Buddha statues in the position of abhaya-mudrā, defined position of the hand representing the absence of fear, peace and security. They were discovered in the 1950s. They are considered as two sisters: Preah Ang Chek the eldest and Preah Ang Chorm the younger. There are many legendary and real stories around them. Popular belief sees them as representations of two Angkorian princesses!
Both statues are venerated by both Cambodians and Thais. Believers come here to influence the future of their lives (luck, money, health, work, child …). For this they pray, make requests, offerings of various natures sold behind the temple (Flowers, incense, perfume, light, fruits, various foods, money, music, liberation of sparrows …) and promises of new offerings in the temple if the first ones are granted.
Today popular belief regards these two entities as the protectors of the city of Siem Reap.
Another statue is found in the middle of National 6, under a large sacred tree. It is, according to the belief, Ya Tep. This entity is today considered as a Neak Ta, a protective tutelary entity. According to belief, it even helps in the prediction for the lottery! This statue looks like that called the « leprous king » originally on the eponymous terrace in Angkor Thom. But it’s actually Yama, the god of death. Today the original statue of Yama is at the National Museum of Cambodia in Phnom Penh and that in situ is made of cement.
The Pin Peat Orchestra plays every day of the year. Several teams of musicians take turns. Unlike the Pin Peat set of the Vat Bo pagoda ( widely deployed, this one is reduced to its simpler expression: xylophone (roneat aek), gong chime (kong vong thom), barrel drum on support (sampho), pair of barrel drums (skor thom), oboe (sralai thom). Like the material offerings cited above, music is supposed to flatter the hearing of divinities and to give them pleasure. Daily, the Pin Peat ensemble is used in Buddhist pagodas, at the royal court to accompany the Ballet, in the shadow theater or the masked theater.

Face au palais royal de Siem Reap, le long de la Route Nationale 6 se trouvent un sanctuaire abritant deux statues de Bouddha en position d’abhaya-mudrā, position définie de la main représentant l’absence de peur, la paix et la sécurité. Elles ont été découvertes dans les années 1950. Elles sont considérées comme deux sœurs : Preah Ang Chek l’aînée et Preah Ang Chorm la cadette. Il existe autour d’elles nombres d’histoires légendaires et réelles. La croyance populaire les considère comme les représentations de deux princesses angkoriennes !
Ces deux statues représentent le Bouddha.
Ces deux statues sont vénérées à la fois par les Cambodgiens et les Thaïlandais. Les croyants viennent ici pour influencer de manière le futur de leur vie (chance, argent, santé, travail, enfant…). Pour cela, ils prient, font des requêtes, des offrandes de natures variées vendues derrière le tempe (fleurs, encens, parfum, lumière, fruits, nourritures diverses, argent, musique, libération de moineaux…) et des promesses de nouvelles offrandes dans le cas où les demandes seraient exaucées.
Aujourd’hui la croyance populaire considère ces deux entités comme les protectrices de la ville de Siem Reap.
Une autre statue sur trouve au beau milieu de la Nationale 6, sous un grand arbre sacré. Il s’agit, toujours selon la croyance, de Ya Tep. Cette entité est considérée aujourd’hui comme un Neak Ta, une entité tutélaire protectrice. Selon la croyance, elle aide même à la prédiction pour la loterie ! Cette statue ressemble à celle dite du « roi lépreux » originellement sur la terrasse éponyme à Angkor Thom qui est en réalité Yama, le dieu de la mort. Aujourd’hui la statue originale de Yama se trouve au Musée National du Cambodge à Phnom Penh et celle in situ est en ciment.
L’orchestre Pin Peat joue tous les jours de l’année. Plusieurs équipes de musiciens se relaient. Contrairement à l’ensemble Pin Peat de la pagode de Vat Bo ( largement déployé, celui-ci est réduit à aa plus simple expression : petit xylophone roneat aek, grand carillon de gongs kong vong thom, tambour en tonneau sur support sampho, paire de grands tambours en tonneau skor thom, grand hautbois sralai thom. À l’instar des offrandes matérielles citées plus haut, la musique est censée flatter l’ouïe des divinités et leur procurer du plaisir. Au quotidien, le Pin Peat est utilisé dans les pagodes bouddhiques, à la cour royale pour accompagner le Ballet, dans le théâtre d’ombres ou encore le théâtre masqué.



Pin peat ensemble – Khmer – Cambodia

Pin peat ensemble – Khmer – Cambodia

Published on Jan 2, 2017

The Pin Peat ensemble of Wat Bo pagoda (Siem Reap)
This sequence was filmed during the Pchum Ben festival in 2016.
This ensemble includes a roneat deik made of bronze. This element of the orchestra become rare.

L’ensemble Pin Peat de la pagode Vat Bo (Siem Reap)
Cette séquence a été tournée durant la fête de Pchum Ben en 2016.
Cet ensemble comporte un roneat deik à lames de bronze. Cet élément de l’orchestre est devenu rare.
Il convient de saluer ici les initiatives du Vénérable Pin Sem qui défend la culture du Cambodge dans ce qu’elle a de plus noble.

Pin peat during Pchum Ben festival in Wat Bo (Siem Reap)
© Patrick Kersalé 2017

Board zither by Nyel Che – Bunong – Mondolkiri, Cambodia

Board zither by Nyel Che – Bunong – Mondolkiri, Cambodia

Published on Dec 17, 2016

Board zither by Nyel Che (untitle song) — Bunong — Mondolkiri
Created and made by this blind musician, this board zither is probably unique in the whole Southeast Asian! It incorporates the principles of the tube zither with melodical strings and accompaniment ones. Here, the strings are distributed either side of the board.
Nyel Che is at the same time author, composer, arranger and performer. He died in 2014.
Artists: Song Pru (singing) & Nyel Che (board zither)

Cithare sur planche par Nyel Che — Bunong — Mondolkiri
Création et réalisation de ce musicien non-voyant, cette cithare sur planche était probablement unique dans toute l’Asie du Sud-Est ! Elle reprend toutefois les principes de la cithare tubulaire avec ses cordes mélodiques et d’accompagnement. Ici, les cordes sont réparties de part et d’autre de la planche.
Nyel Che était à la fois auteur, compositeur, arrangeur et interprète. Il est mort en 2014.
Interprètes : Song Pru (chant) & Nyel Che (cithare sur planche)
© Patrick Kersalé 2016

Kong Nay & Amund Maarud – Siem Reap, Cambodia

Kong Nay & Amund Maarud – Siem Reap, Cambodia

Published on Dec 17, 2016

This video was shot on February 20, 2016 in Siem Reap during the « 1st Friendship Festival ».

Cette vidéo a été tournée le 20 février 2016 à Siem Reap dans le cadre du « 1st Friendship Festival ».…